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Coedpoeth (trans. 'hot wood') is a large village located 3.5 miles west of the town of Wrexham, 1 mile east of Minera and 2 miles south east of the village of Bwlchgwyn. The highest point of the village, Rock Place & Tudor Street are 800 feet above sea level.
The village now covers area's that were once seperate identities such as Smelt, Talwrn, Penygelli and Adwy'r Clawdd. In the 19th century Adwy'r Clawdd was the more prominent village with the higher 'Coedpoeth' described as a mountain road. These seperate place names are listed extensively in the village directory information for this area. Adwy'r Clawdd (trans. 'gap in dyke') or Adwy as it is now more commonly referred, is reference to Offa's Dyke which marks the boundary of the eastern edge of the modern village as the dyke stretches the length of Wales from Prestatyn to Chepstow.
Offa's Dyke (Clawdd Offa) was constructed in the year c.790 by Offa, King of Mercia and was a vast and expensive undertaking. The dyke marked the Anglo Saxon frontier for the western welsh kingdom's, which based on the nature of the welsh countryside, the number of its inhabitants and their ferocity in war were such as to make conquest too great a task. Its construction would have been accompanied by treaties and undertakings binding the welsh to stay on their side and not to conduct cattle raids across the new border - however temptation for some welsh must have been too great as Offa was at war again with the welsh in 796.
Medieval coal mining in Coedpoeth is documented from the early 15th century. Limited and shallow extraction took place throughout the 18th and 19th centuries in order to satisfy the needs in particular of the local iron industry. However, significant extraction did not begin until the sinking of the first deep shafts in the early 20th century. Little now remains of the industry. Of the collieries, buildings survive at Plas Power, a number of colliery waste tips survive and the remains of shallow workings and bell pits are relatively common in some areas, with scheduled examples near Nant Mill.
Coedpoeth's War Years - Information Wanted - CLICK HERE
Pic courtesy of David Edwards.